To prevent one from falling sick frequently, human body has a built-in immune system. This immune system becomes active and starts producing antibodies to fight foreign substances to prevent them from harming your body. However, the same immune system sometime identifies certain substances as enemy and harmful when they are not. This is when the body exhibits allergy symptoms. Allergic reaction rash treatment is required whenever human body fights foreign substance that it considers as foreign. They may include certain food substances, allergens in the environment, and even certain medications.
It is not easy for an individual to identify allergens in his environment that trigger allergic reactions. Therefore, the allergic reaction rash treatment is so difficult. You may be surprised to know that nearly 50 million Americans suffer from allergic reactions that require treatment from doctors with the help of medications.
There are different types of antihistamines available over the country to help an individual whenever he experiences an allergic rash. There are also available decongestants that provide relief in minor allergic reactions. Patients also use saline nasal rinses to get rid of allergic reactions that are related to congestion. For treatment of skin rashes, one can use corticosteroid creams available over the counter.
Antihistamines are sold as dissolvable tablets, oral pills, liquids, nasal sprays, and eye drops and they can be used according to the prescription of a doctor. Many people start taking antihistamines whenever they think they are going to be exposed to allergens present in the environment.
What are the four types and symptoms of allergic reaction?
Allergic reactions exhibited by patients to allergens are basically divided into 4 main types.
- Respiratory allergies – These include spring allergies, summer allergies, fall allergies, winter allergies, hay fever, pollen allergies, mold allergy, dust allergy, and dog and cat allergies.
- Food allergies – Some doctors prefer to refer to these allergies as intolerance to food items. These include milk allergy, casein allergy, egg allergy, wheat allergy, nut allergy, fish allergy, shellfish allergy, sulphite sensitivity, and soy allergy.
- Skin allergies – These include contact dermatitis, hives, allergies to insect stings, allergies to plants like poison ivy, sumac, and oak, and allergy to sun. Some individuals are also allergic to cosmetics and nickel.
- Other allergies – Allergies not contained in the other three types are defined as other allergies. These include eye allergies, allergic conjunctivitis, drug allergies, aspirin allergy, and penicillin allergy.
What are the common reasons why we get an allergic reaction?
The main reason why some people experience allergic reactions is because their immune system releases chemicals whenever they meet allergens present in the environment. A harmless substance is perceived by the immune system as an enemy for the body and the immune system releases chemicals causing allergic reactions. These chemicals, though they are meant to serve as first line of defense against bacteria and viruses, cause allergic reactions in the case of these individuals. There are different reasons behind allergic reactions shown by different people. One of the main chemicals released by the immune system as an antibody is histamine. Therefore, antihistamines are given to patients suffering from allergic reactions.
Frequently Asked Questions
How long does it take for an allergic rash to go away?
Reaction of antihistamines can take anywhere between a few hours to more than a week to show up. This means an allergic rash may take 4-5 hours to as much as 10 days to go away after proper medications have been taken by the patient.
What should you do if you have an allergic reaction?
If the symptoms of allergy are mild, you can take an over the counter antihistamine or decongestant to get rid of its symptoms. Severe allergic reactions can cause a condition called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis, if it is left untreated, can lead to loss of consciousness and even cardiac arrest. Therefore, it should be considered an emergency if you experience a severe allergic reaction. You should call 911 in such a case to get immediate diagnosis and treatment forma qualified doctor.
When should you see a doctor for an allergic reaction?
Minor allergic reactions can be tackled with the help of antihistamines and decongestants to get rid of their symptoms. However, if you experience serious symptoms like swollen lips, hives, a blue tongue, or difficulty in breathing, it is prudent to call 911 as it can be an emergency. Diagnosis by a qualified doctor and subsequent treatment can prevent any serious medical condition for you that results from an allergic reaction.
How to manage allergic reaction?
If you are experiencing an allergic reaction, it is prudent to take antihistamines or decongestants depending upon the nature of your allergy. If symptoms worsen, you should not wait and call 911 to get immediate diagnosis and treatment by a qualified doctor. Signs of anaphylaxis can lead to serious consequences like loss of consciousness or cardiac arrest. If you see any signs of anaphylaxis, consult an experienced doctor immediately.
How to prevent an allergic reaction?
It is always a good idea to prevent an allergic reaction that brings miserable symptoms of allergy in its wake. First and most important method to avoid allergic reactions is to identify and then stay away from allergens that trigger allergic symptoms. Also, you should take medications prescribed by your doctor as soon as you see signs of allergy in your body. Note your symptoms along with allergens that have been present in your environment to learn about the culprits in your case. You can also wear a medical alert bracelet to alert you whenever there are changes in your body because of exposure to allergens.
Allergic reactions can be very debilitating for any individual. They can be minor or serious to require medical help from a qualified and experienced doctor. Hunterdon Pulmonary & Sleep is the most popular center for diagnosis and treatment of allergic reactions in New Jersey. Call at 908-237-1560 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org to book and appointment with a qualified doctor to get relief from your condition today.