Pulmonary and Sleep Associates of Hunterdon County

DIY First Aid Methods On Pulmonary Infections

Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the pressure increases for the heart to transfer blood to the lungs, it puts a strain on the heart and can enlarge it over time if not taken care of. Pulmonary hypertension also called Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is caused by some factors except in special cases where the patient was born with it (Idiopathic pulmonary hypertension), some of the cause is;

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Lupus
  • Liver conditions; liver cirrhosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
  • Heart diseases
  • The family history of PAH patients. If your family has a history of having this condition, then it’s best to keep regular check ups and lead a healthy lifestyle.

Symptoms

If the pressure required for the heart to transport blood to the lungs becomes abnormally high then after a while, the blood stops getting to the lungs which lead to the most common symptom, shortness of breath. Other symptoms include;

  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Swollen Ankles

Treatment

After diagnosis, treatment could include medication like;

  • Vasodilators
  • Oxygen
  • Diuretics
  • Anticoagulants
  • Bosentan

Depending on the severity surgery can also be an option;

  • Heart and lung transplant which is necessary when both organs have failed.
  • Lung Transplant, this is advised when it has gotten to a critical stage.
  • Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy which is the removal of blood clots.

Apart from medications and surgery, there are other ways to manage PAH as there’s no cure yet;

Rest

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is also caused by sleep disorders like Insomnia and Sleep Apnea. If you’re not sleeping properly visit the appropriate sleep centers like Hunterdon Sleep Centre, Flemington. They have one of best sets of Pulmonary doctors that can help treat you of sleep disorders.

Quit Smoking

Smoking is one of the causes of PAH; it is best to quit for your lungs and heart. The pulmonary doctors in NJ, Flemington can help come up with a plan to help you stop if you find it difficult on your own.

Avoid situations or activities that could lower blood pressure
Certain activities can lead to low pressure like lifting heavy weights or even taking long hot baths which can lead to fainting and even death.

Keep A Healthy Weight

Eating healthy has a whole lot of advantages, in this case eating appropriately, avoiding trans fats that could lead to a high level of cholesterol should be avoided. Eating more of fruits and vegetables that would help you maintain a healthy weight is ideal.

Inquire About Medications

It is advisable to ask your doctor about any medication prescribed and try not to miss any dosage.

Avoid Taking Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills can increase the blood clots already present in your arteries. Also, it is not advisable to get pregnant as PAH can cause serious complications for both you and your fetus.

Homeopathy

This method involves the use of steam to help the situation; it can be used along with whatever medication being used;

Use of Castor oil

In this method, the oil is placed on a clean cloth and placed on the chest, it is then covered with a piece of plastic and a heat source is applied. It is allowed to sit for 60mins and should be done for three consecutive days, 1-2 days off is taken then the cycle is repeated.

Contrast Hydrotherapy

In this method, hot and cold water compress is alternated, the hot water compress is placed on the chest for 3 mins then cold water for a minute. It is repeated 2-3 times to complete a set, 3 sets should be done a day.

Steam

This method involves using essential oils like eucalyptus, lavender, rosemary in a warm bath. This helps the circulation of blood and relieves the shortness of breath.

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